Orthoptics

Course titleSWSECTSTYPE

Clinical Placement attendant Course 1

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1PB1IT
Type IT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to the clinical placement, objectives of the practical training, FH-MTD-AV, guidelines, supervised and instructed practical training, introduction to and training in patient documentation and training reports, preparation for the introduction to practical training, supervision and post-processing, presentation, analysis and reflection of reports. Handling of life-threatening conditions

Superior module:

Placement 1

Module description:

The graduates acquire general basic knowledge for the clinical placements and special organisational and administrative knowledge for the introduction in practical training. In this training, they reflect upon their first encounters with different professional groups in an institutional context and with patients and their family members. They see that in orthoptics, a scope of action and decision making exists. They understand the meaning of a systematical documentation in the orthoptic and the educational process. They know how to discuss and to reflect upon contentual-methodical and social-communicative aspects of the respective phase of their practical training. They recognise life-threatening conditions and can provide first aid.

Clinical placement 1

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1PR1IT
Type IT
Kind Internship (S)
INTL-Code 1
SWS 0
ECTS Credits 2.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introductory practical: Familiarization with ophthalmologic occupations and the scope of their field of work as well as strabology in a clinical context, observation of and participation in orthoptic procedures including the performance of an initial examination to test visual acuity and eye position on volunteer subjects.

Superior module:

Placement 1

Module description:

The graduates acquire general basic knowledge for the clinical placements and special organisational and administrative knowledge for the introduction in practical training. In this training, they reflect upon their first encounters with different professional groups in an institutional context and with patients and their family members. They see that in orthoptics, a scope of action and decision making exists. They understand the meaning of a systematical documentation in the orthoptic and the educational process. They know how to discuss and to reflect upon contentual-methodical and social-communicative aspects of the respective phase of their practical training. They recognise life-threatening conditions and can provide first aid.

Eye Anatomy, Physiology and Examination

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1APAIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Introduction to anatomy and physiology of the eye: conjunctiva, cornea and lens, sclera, choridea, iris, ciliary body, vitreus, blood and nerve supply of the eye, retina. Anatomy and physiology of the tear organs and lids. Investigation of the anterior chamber: Slit lamp, three-mirror contact glass, biconvex lenses, tonometry, ophthalmoscopy, exophthalmometry, Schirmer-test, ophthalmic imaging.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - medicine and psychology

Module description:

Graduates have a sound knowledge of the relationship between the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human body. They apply a holistic approach to the human organism and are well versed with biomedical systematics and terminology. They understand morphological and functional coherences of a healthy human body and the aetiology of disease. This aids in a wider understanding of physiological and pathological processes. Students are able to recognise life-threatening disease and apply first aid treatment. A basic competency for working in the health care system is a knowledge of the processes that lead to the spreading of infectious disease and an awareness of actions which prevent this. They are well aquainted with the anatomy and function of the eye, the lacrimal system and the lids, as well as assessment of the anterior segments of the eye and medical imaging in ophthalmology. They understand the concept of health and illness and of factors influencing them. Graduates have a knowledge of the classicifications and principles of disability and illness, and they have an exemplary understanding of relevant psychological diseases.

Human Biology and Pathology

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1HUPVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 5
ECTS Credits 5
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Principles of anatomy, physiology, histology and pathology (structure, functions and diseases). The cell- from cell to tissue to organs; cardio-vascular system, nerve system, respiration system, kidney and urinary tract, skeletal system, lymphatic system, gastrointestinal tract, reproductive system, skin, sensory system, endocrine system; refreshment course of first aid/emergency procedures

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - medicine and psychology

Module description:

Graduates have a sound knowledge of the relationship between the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human body. They apply a holistic approach to the human organism and are well versed with biomedical systematics and terminology. They understand morphological and functional coherences of a healthy human body and the aetiology of disease. This aids in a wider understanding of physiological and pathological processes. Students are able to recognise life-threatening disease and apply first aid treatment. A basic competency for working in the health care system is a knowledge of the processes that lead to the spreading of infectious disease and an awareness of actions which prevent this. They are well aquainted with the anatomy and function of the eye, the lacrimal system and the lids, as well as assessment of the anterior segments of the eye and medical imaging in ophthalmology. They understand the concept of health and illness and of factors influencing them. Graduates have a knowledge of the classicifications and principles of disability and illness, and they have an exemplary understanding of relevant psychological diseases.

Introduction to Clinical Psychology

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1EKPIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Bio psychological-sociological model/ pattern of illness, psychosomatic, behavioural medicine, health and disease, salutogenesis versus pathogenesis, coping and compliance, empowerment

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - medicine and psychology

Module description:

Graduates have a sound knowledge of the relationship between the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human body. They apply a holistic approach to the human organism and are well versed with biomedical systematics and terminology. They understand morphological and functional coherences of a healthy human body and the aetiology of disease. This aids in a wider understanding of physiological and pathological processes. Students are able to recognise life-threatening disease and apply first aid treatment. A basic competency for working in the health care system is a knowledge of the processes that lead to the spreading of infectious disease and an awareness of actions which prevent this. They are well aquainted with the anatomy and function of the eye, the lacrimal system and the lids, as well as assessment of the anterior segments of the eye and medical imaging in ophthalmology. They understand the concept of health and illness and of factors influencing them. Graduates have a knowledge of the classicifications and principles of disability and illness, and they have an exemplary understanding of relevant psychological diseases.

Introduction to Profession and Studies

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1EBSIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 3
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to orthoptics and its subject area: it is elaborated on the places of study like FHS (University of Applied Sciences) and SALK (Salzburger Landeskliniken), the course and contents of studies, the general legal framework, pertinent parts of the accreditation and the examination regulations of the FHS, the contents and focuses of semesters and clinical placements. Introduction to the chosen studies, the profession of an orthoptist and professional fields; general parameters and changes of the professional field, as well as historical development and international comparison. Thereby, special focus is given to professional ethics and professional duties. Illustration of the orthoptic process and highlighting of the importance of target group-oriented advising. Interfaces and core competences of similar professional fields (like doctors, health care workers, opticians, optometrists, early intervention specialists, MTDs, etc.) are worked out. Students get a first insight in the professional fields of an orthoptist. They learn and reflect upon the various professional groups that are part of the field of ophthalmology and its areas of responsibilities; accompanying advising, discussion and reflection throughout the introduction phase.

Superior module:

Introduction to Profession and Studies

Module description:

Graduates are informed about the running, organisation, contents and focus of the course and become aware of the places of study and their specific organisation. They get an accurate insight into the profession of orthoptists and a basis to reflect on their decision to choose this profession.They know the different work areas of orthoptics and their specific tasks and aims and they can relate those to other health care professions. They know the core competencies of their own and related professions and where these link together. They know ethical, social, legal and institutional conditions of the orthoptic profession and can analyse the work field of Austrian orthoptists in comparison to international orthoptists. They know the term "orthoptic process". They understand the social environment of their future work and its influence on it. By discussing the topics of gender and diversity they begin to understand the complexity of health care system and the necessity of individualising care for their patients. Graduates have developed their learning skills. They have reflected their learning behaviour and acquired knowledge of further methods of organising learning.They understand learning as a process with its successive steps and can now deduct learning strategies and plans. They reflect their motivation for learning and how they may influence it. They know reading styles, structuring techniques and mnemonic training methods and in which situations to use them.They implement scientific methods of collecting subject-specific information. Graduates know the basics of project management and presentation methods.

Learning and Working Techniques

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1LATIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Learning as a process, applied learning psychology, learning motivations, promotion of concentration skills, memory-, reading- and structural techniques, specific learning concepts at university level, learning in a group, exam preparation; research of literature, use of libraries, data base and internet research.

Superior module:

Introduction to Profession and Studies

Module description:

Graduates are informed about the running, organisation, contents and focus of the course and become aware of the places of study and their specific organisation. They get an accurate insight into the profession of orthoptists and a basis to reflect on their decision to choose this profession.They know the different work areas of orthoptics and their specific tasks and aims and they can relate those to other health care professions. They know the core competencies of their own and related professions and where these link together. They know ethical, social, legal and institutional conditions of the orthoptic profession and can analyse the work field of Austrian orthoptists in comparison to international orthoptists. They know the term "orthoptic process". They understand the social environment of their future work and its influence on it. By discussing the topics of gender and diversity they begin to understand the complexity of health care system and the necessity of individualising care for their patients. Graduates have developed their learning skills. They have reflected their learning behaviour and acquired knowledge of further methods of organising learning.They understand learning as a process with its successive steps and can now deduct learning strategies and plans. They reflect their motivation for learning and how they may influence it. They know reading styles, structuring techniques and mnemonic training methods and in which situations to use them.They implement scientific methods of collecting subject-specific information. Graduates know the basics of project management and presentation methods.

Orthoptics - Practice 1

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1FP1IL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 3
ECTS Credits 2.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Simultaneously to the theoretic part of the module, students are exposed to practical sessions at selected teaching locations where they are able to practice their acquired diagnostic and therapeutic skills on clients and patients. On each other or on volunteer subjects, the students practice in small groups the acquired diagnostic and therapeutic skills such as visual acuity testing, cover test etc. as well as document the diagnostic and therapeutic results and develop initial diagnostic and therapeutic concepts. As needed group revision and synopsis of results as well as plausibility checks. Questions concerning transference from theory into practice and vice versa will be clarified.

Superior module:

Orthoptics and Strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know of the causes, symptoms and consequences of disorders of binocular vision, especially strabismus. They can differentiate between physiological and pathological monocular and binocular vision. They have the necessary theoretical and practical knowledge of methods to assess visual acuity, diagnose strabismus and amblyopia and are able to decide which method to use with which particular patients. They learn to make correlations between elementary assessment results and the type of strabismus condition that may be expected and improve their orthoptic background knowledge.

Principles of Hygiene

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1HYGIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Basic terms and work fields of infectious hygiene, environmental hygiene, social hygiene and epidemiology. Measures to prevent infections - prophylaxis, vaccination/ immunization, disinfection/ sterilization. Nosocomial infections and hospital hygiene.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - medicine and psychology

Module description:

Graduates have a sound knowledge of the relationship between the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human body. They apply a holistic approach to the human organism and are well versed with biomedical systematics and terminology. They understand morphological and functional coherences of a healthy human body and the aetiology of disease. This aids in a wider understanding of physiological and pathological processes. Students are able to recognise life-threatening disease and apply first aid treatment. A basic competency for working in the health care system is a knowledge of the processes that lead to the spreading of infectious disease and an awareness of actions which prevent this. They are well aquainted with the anatomy and function of the eye, the lacrimal system and the lids, as well as assessment of the anterior segments of the eye and medical imaging in ophthalmology. They understand the concept of health and illness and of factors influencing them. Graduates have a knowledge of the classicifications and principles of disability and illness, and they have an exemplary understanding of relevant psychological diseases.

Principles of Monocular and Binocular Vision - Basics

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1EBGVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Anatomy of the orbit, topographic anatomy of the orbit - contents. Anatomy and physiology of the inner eye muscles and the pupil. Detailed anatomy of the extraocular muscles and the ligamentous apparatus. Physiology of the eye muscles (laws of innervation, Listingische Ebene, etc.) as well as detailed knowledge of the parameters of function. Introduction to the physiology of vision and its anatomic preconditions. Definition, meaning and basics of the sense of light, form and colour. Basics, development and testing of visual acuity.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - orthoptics

Module description:

Graduates have a good foundation of the anatomy and physiology of the visual pathway, as well as the development of normal uni- and binocular vision. They have detailed knowledge about the physiology of vision, the orbit and eye muscles. They understand the uniocular and binocular function of extraocular muscles and the laws of innervation. They can deduct the mechanism of ocular movements from the anatomy of the eyes. They have a basic knowledge of visual acuity and its assessment, as well as normal sensory and motoric aspects of binocular vision. They can judge the quality of uni- and binocular vision. They know about the construction and function of orthoptic equipment as well as the necessary hygienic measures that need to be undertaken within their working space.

Principles of Orthoptic Methods

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1OMGIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2.5
ECTS Credits 3
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to diagnostic orthoptic procedures, e.g. basic terminology, fundamentals and different methods for testing visual acuity and fixation pattern/preference, investigation of oculomotor functions inspection, head posture, eye alignment, covertest, measurement of ocular deviations, extra ocular motility, near point of convergence, angle kappa. Use of diagnostic tools and ophthalmological equipment needed to perform specific tests, documentation of diagnostic procedures as well as results, principles of recording medical history. Introduction to the investigation of sensoric adaptations in patients with oculomotor disorders.

Superior module:

Orthoptics and Strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know of the causes, symptoms and consequences of disorders of binocular vision, especially strabismus. They can differentiate between physiological and pathological monocular and binocular vision. They have the necessary theoretical and practical knowledge of methods to assess visual acuity, diagnose strabismus and amblyopia and are able to decide which method to use with which particular patients. They learn to make correlations between elementary assessment results and the type of strabismus condition that may be expected and improve their orthoptic background knowledge.

Sensory of Binocular Vision

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1SEBIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to the sensoric adaptations seen in patients with strabismus e.g. senso-motoric coordination of the eyes, relative monocular localization, absolute localization, sensoric fusion and retinal correspondence, physiology and pathology of binocular vision, binocular induced suppression, neurophysiology of binocular vision, development of binocular vision, orthophoria and position of rest, fusional range.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - orthoptics

Module description:

Graduates have a good foundation of the anatomy and physiology of the visual pathway, as well as the development of normal uni- and binocular vision. They have detailed knowledge about the physiology of vision, the orbit and eye muscles. They understand the uniocular and binocular function of extraocular muscles and the laws of innervation. They can deduct the mechanism of ocular movements from the anatomy of the eyes. They have a basic knowledge of visual acuity and its assessment, as well as normal sensory and motoric aspects of binocular vision. They can judge the quality of uni- and binocular vision. They know about the construction and function of orthoptic equipment as well as the necessary hygienic measures that need to be undertaken within their working space.

Strabismus

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1STRIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Use of diagnostic tools and ophthalmological equipment needed to perform specific tests, documentation of diagnostic procedures as well as results, principles of recording medical history. Introduction to the investigation of sensoric adaptations in patients with oculomotor disorders.

Superior module:

Orthoptics and Strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know of the causes, symptoms and consequences of disorders of binocular vision, especially strabismus. They can differentiate between physiological and pathological monocular and binocular vision. They have the necessary theoretical and practical knowledge of methods to assess visual acuity, diagnose strabismus and amblyopia and are able to decide which method to use with which particular patients. They learn to make correlations between elementary assessment results and the type of strabismus condition that may be expected and improve their orthoptic background knowledge.

Technical and Hygienic Standards

Semester 1
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB1THSIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to the technical equipment of an orthoptic clinic introduction to the specific instruments needed for orthoptic evaluations and treatment, e.g. instruments to assess visual acuity, fixation pattern, accommodation, refraction, measurement of oculomotor alignment, assessment of binocular functions, treatment of amblyopia as well as applied hygienic measures.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - orthoptics

Module description:

Graduates have a good foundation of the anatomy and physiology of the visual pathway, as well as the development of normal uni- and binocular vision. They have detailed knowledge about the physiology of vision, the orbit and eye muscles. They understand the uniocular and binocular function of extraocular muscles and the laws of innervation. They can deduct the mechanism of ocular movements from the anatomy of the eyes. They have a basic knowledge of visual acuity and its assessment, as well as normal sensory and motoric aspects of binocular vision. They can judge the quality of uni- and binocular vision. They know about the construction and function of orthoptic equipment as well as the necessary hygienic measures that need to be undertaken within their working space.

Course titleSWSECTSTYPE

Amblyopia

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2ABYIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to amblyopia e.g. definition, frequency, social importance, classification, etiology and pathogenesis; clinical forms of appearance, dysfunctions with amblyopia, visual acuity, fixation, contrast sensitivity; accommodation; diagnostics and differential diagnosis; treatment and methods of treatment of amblyopia, risk factors of amblyopia; prevention and prophylaxis, information and consultation.

Superior module:

Concomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know types of concomitant squint, sensory and motoric characteristics, specific assessment procedures, treatment, course of disease and prognosis. They have detailed knowledge of amblyopia, its causes, classification, assessment and treatment options and can deduct appropriate therapeutic needs from the assessment findings and the age of the patients.They know about the importance of prevention. Graduates know selected theories and models of communication, basic principles of conversation and can apply them to their professional practice. They know how to brief patients and their relatives about the assessment and treatment plan. They appreciate the necessity of adressing potential conflicts within their team, are able to give appropriate feedback and to search for common solutions. They are able to carry out a full orthoptic assessment, choose and utilise the appropriate tests. They can document the results and - under supervision - analyse these results, distinguish normal and conspicuous results and match them with a diagnosis. They are able to draw up simple orthoptic diagnostic and therapeutic concepts, choose and use the appropriate tests, equipment and materials. They have practiced these skills on examples of the orthoptic process. They know basic English terminology related to concomitant squints.

Clinic of concomitant strabismus

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2KSKIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 3
SWS 3
ECTS Credits 3
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Pseudo strabismus, manifest and latent forms of strabismus (esodeviations, exodeviations, vertical deviations), asthenopic symptoms (introduction): e.g. classification, aetiology and pathogenesis, motoric and sensoric characteristics, basic and specific diagnostic procedures, first linking of results, differential diagnosis, typical case studies, therapy, decursus and prognosis, information and advising, English terminology; introduction to Clinical reasoning and first application examples.

Superior module:

Concomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know types of concomitant squint, sensory and motoric characteristics, specific assessment procedures, treatment, course of disease and prognosis. They have detailed knowledge of amblyopia, its causes, classification, assessment and treatment options and can deduct appropriate therapeutic needs from the assessment findings and the age of the patients.They know about the importance of prevention. Graduates know selected theories and models of communication, basic principles of conversation and can apply them to their professional practice. They know how to brief patients and their relatives about the assessment and treatment plan. They appreciate the necessity of adressing potential conflicts within their team, are able to give appropriate feedback and to search for common solutions. They are able to carry out a full orthoptic assessment, choose and utilise the appropriate tests. They can document the results and - under supervision - analyse these results, distinguish normal and conspicuous results and match them with a diagnosis. They are able to draw up simple orthoptic diagnostic and therapeutic concepts, choose and use the appropriate tests, equipment and materials. They have practiced these skills on examples of the orthoptic process. They know basic English terminology related to concomitant squints.

Clinical Placement attendant Course 2

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2PB2IT
Type IT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

In parallel with the practical training, students perform first-hand patient demonstrations in practical placements. Besides, talks about target agreements and grading are held with students and instructors in face-to-face interviews or group settings. Patient protocols and reports - documentation, analysis, presentation and discussion of and reflection upon the technical-methodical and social-communicative results and findings.

Superior module:

Placement 2

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. On volunteer patients they can take the medical history and carry out standard orthoptic examinations, document the results, take measurements for unifocal glasses and give treatment for amblyopia. They can carry out selected ophthalmologic examinations (e.g. automatic perimetry, diagnostic examinations for glaucoma, etc) and hygienic measures needed for their orthoptic work. They can write anonymized patient demonstrations, process work results, analyse and reflect. With first patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with test situations in practice in an adequate way. They further learn how to analyse, to reflect upon and to present their diagnostic acting. They also know how to assess their practical level of training, how to recognise learning and improvement potential and how to assure learning progress. Graduates realize the importance of systematical, empirical data acquisition in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Clinical placement 2

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2PR2IT
Type IT
Kind Internship (S)
INTL-Code 1
SWS 0
ECTS Credits 9
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

At their practical training position and on volunteer patients, students take the medical history and carry out standard examinations, measure glasses on a lensmeter and carry out treatment for amblyopia. Documentation and analysis of the results. Performance of selected ophthalmologic examinations and hygienic measures needed for orthoptic work.

Superior module:

Placement 2

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. On volunteer patients they can take the medical history and carry out standard orthoptic examinations, document the results, take measurements for unifocal glasses and give treatment for amblyopia. They can carry out selected ophthalmologic examinations (e.g. automatic perimetry, diagnostic examinations for glaucoma, etc) and hygienic measures needed for their orthoptic work. They can write anonymized patient demonstrations, process work results, analyse and reflect. With first patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with test situations in practice in an adequate way. They further learn how to analyse, to reflect upon and to present their diagnostic acting. They also know how to assess their practical level of training, how to recognise learning and improvement potential and how to assure learning progress. Graduates realize the importance of systematical, empirical data acquisition in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Communication and patient guidance 1

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2KP1IL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to communication: Theories and models of communication, conditions and techniques for conversations, non-verbal communication, communication in the professional context (i.e. in the interdisciplinary / interprofessional team). Introduction to patient guidance and patient advice: Basics of treatment planning, informed consent, informed decision making, basics of giving advice / patient guidance (i.e. theories of learning and their influence on patient advice, stress and coping, compliance, motivation and empowerment), communication skills patient interviews and patient advice.

Superior module:

Concomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know types of concomitant squint, sensory and motoric characteristics, specific assessment procedures, treatment, course of disease and prognosis. They have detailed knowledge of amblyopia, its causes, classification, assessment and treatment options and can deduct appropriate therapeutic needs from the assessment findings and the age of the patients.They know about the importance of prevention. Graduates know selected theories and models of communication, basic principles of conversation and can apply them to their professional practice. They know how to brief patients and their relatives about the assessment and treatment plan. They appreciate the necessity of adressing potential conflicts within their team, are able to give appropriate feedback and to search for common solutions. They are able to carry out a full orthoptic assessment, choose and utilise the appropriate tests. They can document the results and - under supervision - analyse these results, distinguish normal and conspicuous results and match them with a diagnosis. They are able to draw up simple orthoptic diagnostic and therapeutic concepts, choose and use the appropriate tests, equipment and materials. They have practiced these skills on examples of the orthoptic process. They know basic English terminology related to concomitant squints.

Concomitant Strabismus - Orthoptic Methods

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2KSOIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to investigation methods of the sensoric status of the eyes e.g. binocular vision, retinal correspondence and the different qualities of binocular functions (fusion, suppression, diplopia, correspondence, stereopsis); investigation of accommodative vergence and accommodation, fusional amplitude; investigation of motoric functions; fundamentals and investigation to obtain more detailed data in concomitant strabismus patients e.g. testing for dissociated forms of strabismus. Use of related equipment and test procedures, documentation of diagnostic procedures.

Superior module:

Concomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know types of concomitant squint, sensory and motoric characteristics, specific assessment procedures, treatment, course of disease and prognosis. They have detailed knowledge of amblyopia, its causes, classification, assessment and treatment options and can deduct appropriate therapeutic needs from the assessment findings and the age of the patients.They know about the importance of prevention. Graduates know selected theories and models of communication, basic principles of conversation and can apply them to their professional practice. They know how to brief patients and their relatives about the assessment and treatment plan. They appreciate the necessity of adressing potential conflicts within their team, are able to give appropriate feedback and to search for common solutions. They are able to carry out a full orthoptic assessment, choose and utilise the appropriate tests. They can document the results and - under supervision - analyse these results, distinguish normal and conspicuous results and match them with a diagnosis. They are able to draw up simple orthoptic diagnostic and therapeutic concepts, choose and use the appropriate tests, equipment and materials. They have practiced these skills on examples of the orthoptic process. They know basic English terminology related to concomitant squints.

Monocular and Binocular Vision - Advanced Level

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2EBVVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Brain anatomy with special focus on optic tract, visual cortex and centres of view (Including principles of the vestibular system) as well as supply of the eye muscles via the central nervous system. Detailed neurophysiology of vision, e.g. visual processing and impaired vision (origin, consequences, etc.)

Superior module:

Ophthalmology and Optometry

Module description:

Graduates know the basics of pathology of the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, of the lacrimal gland and the lids, as well as glaucoma. They know assessment techniques used to diagnose and evaluate ocular disorders and have basic knowledge of the indication and effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical therapies. They know the basics of pharmacology i.e. the mechanism of action of the most common agents in strabismology. Graduates know the neuroanatomical and -physiological foundations of vision and visual perception. They have detailed knowledge of physical and physiological optics. They can explain the optics of emmetropic and ametropic eyes and the influence of lenses. They know about the quality of vision with glasses and can measure all types of spectacle lenses using manual vertometry. They know about types of spectacles, lenses and frames and know the basic parameters of a spectacle prescription. They know about refractive development, accommodation, pupillary reactions, presbyopia and the correction of refractive anomalies.

Ophthalmology

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2OPHVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Pathology of the lids, orbit and the anterior and posterior parts of the eye: conjunctiva, cornea, sclera, iris, lens, choridea, vitreus, retina, glaucoma; specific methods of investigation, ophthalmic surgeries, ophthalmic medications (eye drops and ointment)

Superior module:

Ophthalmology and Optometry

Module description:

Graduates know the basics of pathology of the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, of the lacrimal gland and the lids, as well as glaucoma. They know assessment techniques used to diagnose and evaluate ocular disorders and have basic knowledge of the indication and effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical therapies. They know the basics of pharmacology i.e. the mechanism of action of the most common agents in strabismology. Graduates know the neuroanatomical and -physiological foundations of vision and visual perception. They have detailed knowledge of physical and physiological optics. They can explain the optics of emmetropic and ametropic eyes and the influence of lenses. They know about the quality of vision with glasses and can measure all types of spectacle lenses using manual vertometry. They know about types of spectacles, lenses and frames and know the basic parameters of a spectacle prescription. They know about refractive development, accommodation, pupillary reactions, presbyopia and the correction of refractive anomalies.

Orthoptics - Practice 2

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2FP2UE
Type UB
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 3
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Synchronously to the theoretical sessions of the module the students are required to attend practical sessions on patients in different teaching locations. Students apply the acquired diagnostic and therapeutically skills on selected cooperative clients and patients suffering from concomitant strabismus or amblyopia. Depending on their educational level, they practice to deliver parts of the orthoptic process (e.g. obtaining medical history, preparing a diagnostic concept, providing a result analysis and interpretation, providing a basic treatment plan, documentation of diagnosis and treatment).

Superior module:

Concomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates know types of concomitant squint, sensory and motoric characteristics, specific assessment procedures, treatment, course of disease and prognosis. They have detailed knowledge of amblyopia, its causes, classification, assessment and treatment options and can deduct appropriate therapeutic needs from the assessment findings and the age of the patients.They know about the importance of prevention. Graduates know selected theories and models of communication, basic principles of conversation and can apply them to their professional practice. They know how to brief patients and their relatives about the assessment and treatment plan. They appreciate the necessity of adressing potential conflicts within their team, are able to give appropriate feedback and to search for common solutions. They are able to carry out a full orthoptic assessment, choose and utilise the appropriate tests. They can document the results and - under supervision - analyse these results, distinguish normal and conspicuous results and match them with a diagnosis. They are able to draw up simple orthoptic diagnostic and therapeutic concepts, choose and use the appropriate tests, equipment and materials. They have practiced these skills on examples of the orthoptic process. They know basic English terminology related to concomitant squints.

Physical Optics

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2PKOIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction and definitions; physical and physiological optics, theory of light, geometrical optics (e.g. rule of reflections, refraction of light, projection on lenses, optical instruments), measuring lenses with the lensometer, eye glass doctrine e.g. visual performance with glasses, different types of glasses and frames, prescription for eye glasses.

Superior module:

Ophthalmology and Optometry

Module description:

Graduates know the basics of pathology of the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, of the lacrimal gland and the lids, as well as glaucoma. They know assessment techniques used to diagnose and evaluate ocular disorders and have basic knowledge of the indication and effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical therapies. They know the basics of pharmacology i.e. the mechanism of action of the most common agents in strabismology. Graduates know the neuroanatomical and -physiological foundations of vision and visual perception. They have detailed knowledge of physical and physiological optics. They can explain the optics of emmetropic and ametropic eyes and the influence of lenses. They know about the quality of vision with glasses and can measure all types of spectacle lenses using manual vertometry. They know about types of spectacles, lenses and frames and know the basic parameters of a spectacle prescription. They know about refractive development, accommodation, pupillary reactions, presbyopia and the correction of refractive anomalies.

Physiological Optics

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2PLOIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character final

Lecture content:

The eye as a composed optical system, refraction anomalies and their correction with special focus on prevention and strabology, refraction development, accommodation, presbyopia.

Superior module:

Ophthalmology and Optometry

Module description:

Graduates know the basics of pathology of the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, of the lacrimal gland and the lids, as well as glaucoma. They know assessment techniques used to diagnose and evaluate ocular disorders and have basic knowledge of the indication and effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical therapies. They know the basics of pharmacology i.e. the mechanism of action of the most common agents in strabismology. Graduates know the neuroanatomical and -physiological foundations of vision and visual perception. They have detailed knowledge of physical and physiological optics. They can explain the optics of emmetropic and ametropic eyes and the influence of lenses. They know about the quality of vision with glasses and can measure all types of spectacle lenses using manual vertometry. They know about types of spectacles, lenses and frames and know the basic parameters of a spectacle prescription. They know about refractive development, accommodation, pupillary reactions, presbyopia and the correction of refractive anomalies.

Principles of Pharmacology

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2PHAVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Definitions, pharmaceutical law, general pharmacology, pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics - Austria Codex, Vidal, Medis. Ophthalmic agents, basics on side effects for the eye, mode of action of analgesics, introduction to the autonomous nervous system; pertinent medication in strabology e.g. Homatropin, Mydriaticum, Fluorescin: effects, side effects, interactions

Superior module:

Ophthalmology and Optometry

Module description:

Graduates know the basics of pathology of the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, of the lacrimal gland and the lids, as well as glaucoma. They know assessment techniques used to diagnose and evaluate ocular disorders and have basic knowledge of the indication and effectiveness of pharmacological and surgical therapies. They know the basics of pharmacology i.e. the mechanism of action of the most common agents in strabismology. Graduates know the neuroanatomical and -physiological foundations of vision and visual perception. They have detailed knowledge of physical and physiological optics. They can explain the optics of emmetropic and ametropic eyes and the influence of lenses. They know about the quality of vision with glasses and can measure all types of spectacle lenses using manual vertometry. They know about types of spectacles, lenses and frames and know the basic parameters of a spectacle prescription. They know about refractive development, accommodation, pupillary reactions, presbyopia and the correction of refractive anomalies.

Project Management

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2PMMIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Principles of project management; different types of projects, project limitations, project organization; definitions of objectives; project phases, time management, resource management, budget planning, documentation and creation of a project plan. Types of presentations, structures of presentations, preparation, media, interaction with the audience, language and presentation techniques.

Superior module:

Introduction to Profession and Studies

Module description:

Graduates are informed about the running, organisation, contents and focus of the course and become aware of the places of study and their specific organisation. They get an accurate insight into the profession of orthoptists and a basis to reflect on their decision to choose this profession.They know the different work areas of orthoptics and their specific tasks and aims and they can relate those to other health care professions. They know the core competencies of their own and related professions and where these link together. They know ethical, social, legal and institutional conditions of the orthoptic profession and can analyse the work field of Austrian orthoptists in comparison to international orthoptists. They know the term "orthoptic process". They understand the social environment of their future work and its influence on it. By discussing the topics of gender and diversity they begin to understand the complexity of health care system and the necessity of individualising care for their patients. Graduates have developed their learning skills. They have reflected their learning behaviour and acquired knowledge of further methods of organising learning.They understand learning as a process with its successive steps and can now deduct learning strategies and plans. They reflect their motivation for learning and how they may influence it. They know reading styles, structuring techniques and mnemonic training methods and in which situations to use them.They implement scientific methods of collecting subject-specific information. Graduates know the basics of project management and presentation methods.

Reflective Learning and Practice Monitoring 1

Semester 2
Academic year 1
Course code OTKB2RF1RC
Type RC
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 0.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Information on pertinent topics and questions regarding the following: education, preparation for the practical training, exchange of learning experiences and the course of the practical training, questions and problem solutions, reflection upon teamwork and discords, self-care of students in direct contact with patients, learning and communicational aspects in the professional field, motivation of students and handling of life-threatening conditions.

Superior module:

Placement 2

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. On volunteer patients they can take the medical history and carry out standard orthoptic examinations, document the results, take measurements for unifocal glasses and give treatment for amblyopia. They can carry out selected ophthalmologic examinations (e.g. automatic perimetry, diagnostic examinations for glaucoma, etc) and hygienic measures needed for their orthoptic work. They can write anonymized patient demonstrations, process work results, analyse and reflect. With first patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with test situations in practice in an adequate way. They further learn how to analyse, to reflect upon and to present their diagnostic acting. They also know how to assess their practical level of training, how to recognise learning and improvement potential and how to assure learning progress. Graduates realize the importance of systematical, empirical data acquisition in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Course titleSWSECTSTYPE

Clinic of incomitant strabismus

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3ISKIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 3
SWS 3
ECTS Credits 3
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Further knowledge of the anatomy and the physiology of the brain and the brain stem; anatomy, physiology and pathology of infranuclear cranial nerves; congenital and acquired motility disorders: clinical presentations, differential diagnosis, basic and special diagnostic procedures, therapy, English terminology

Superior module:

Incomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates consolidate their knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of cranial nerves and acquire an expertise in the pathology of cranial nerves and acquired oculomotor palsies. They have a knowledge of the specific criteria in order to differentiate between a congenital and acquired palsy and also differentiate them against concomitant types of strabismus. They know the different orthoptic assessment options and are able to use them appropiately on patients with ocular motility disorders. They recognise the necessity for interdisciplinary diagnostic workup. They have developed within the orthoptic process and start to introduce diagnostic, treatment and patient consultation plans to the assessments of simple orthoptic cases. They are able to document assessment and treatment results in a professional manner, analyse the results and match them with relevant diagnoses. They have basic knowledge of the English terminology of incomitant strabismus. Graduates improve their communication skills and competency in giving patient advice. They can structure conflictual situations, work on constructive solutions and develop their own conflict skills. They engage in and deal with professional situations where they practice interdisciplinary conflict management.They address difficult situations in patient advice situations and patient management and develop an awareness for individual needs and coping strategies of their patients. They learn about the influence of subjective theories of disease and learn to reflect personal values and attitudes. Graduates know the impact of health literacy and medical sociology on their professional field.

Clinical Placement 3

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3PR3IT
Type IT
Kind Internship (S)
INTL-Code 1
SWS 0
ECTS Credits 8
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

The performance of orthoptic diagnostic procedures and treatment with emphasis on advanced orthoptic examinations for concomitant forms of strabismus as well as an advanced examinations for paralytic strabismus, concept development, documentation, analysis and interpretation of results. Take measurements to fit bifocal glasses, basic refraction testing and carry out hygienic measures needed for orthoptic work.

Superior module:

Placement 3

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. They can carry out advanced examinations on patients with concomitant and incomitant strabismus, document the results, analyze and interpret them with assistance, make orthoptic diagnoses with assistance, develop diagnostic and therapeutic concepts and take measurements to fit bifocal glasses. They can write anonymized patient demonstrations, process work results, analyse and reflect. With patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with test situations in practice in an adequate way. They further learn how to analyse, to reflect upon and to present their diagnostic acting. They also know how to assess their practical level of training, how to recognise learning and improvement potential and how to assure learning progress. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Clinical Placement attendant Course 3

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3PB3IT
Type IT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

In parallel with the practical training, students perform patient demonstrations in practical placements. Besides, talks about target agreements and grading are held with students and instructors in face-to-face interviews or group settings. Patient protocols and reports - documentation, analysis, presentation and discussion of and reflection upon the technical-methodical and social-communicative results and findings.

Superior module:

Placement 3

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. They can carry out advanced examinations on patients with concomitant and incomitant strabismus, document the results, analyze and interpret them with assistance, make orthoptic diagnoses with assistance, develop diagnostic and therapeutic concepts and take measurements to fit bifocal glasses. They can write anonymized patient demonstrations, process work results, analyse and reflect. With patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with test situations in practice in an adequate way. They further learn how to analyse, to reflect upon and to present their diagnostic acting. They also know how to assess their practical level of training, how to recognise learning and improvement potential and how to assure learning progress. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Communication and patient guidance 2

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3IK2IL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Health and Illness: Models (bio-psycho-social model, salutogenesis), resilience, subjective theories of disease, medical sociology (micro-level: perception of disease, risk behaviour/ macro-level: social inequality), health literacy and its significance in the health system. Communication (in depth): special patient groups i.e. children, relatives and patient guardians, elderly, visually impaired and blind, deaf, multiple-handicapped people, "challenging patients" (challenge because of aggression, dementia, with cultural differences, language barriers etc.), handling patients emotions. Patient guidance and patient advice (in depth): Patient interview and patient advice (client-centred conversation), psychoeducation, behavioural medicine.

Superior module:

Incomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates consolidate their knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of cranial nerves and acquire an expertise in the pathology of cranial nerves and acquired oculomotor palsies. They have a knowledge of the specific criteria in order to differentiate between a congenital and acquired palsy and also differentiate them against concomitant types of strabismus. They know the different orthoptic assessment options and are able to use them appropiately on patients with ocular motility disorders. They recognise the necessity for interdisciplinary diagnostic workup. They have developed within the orthoptic process and start to introduce diagnostic, treatment and patient consultation plans to the assessments of simple orthoptic cases. They are able to document assessment and treatment results in a professional manner, analyse the results and match them with relevant diagnoses. They have basic knowledge of the English terminology of incomitant strabismus. Graduates improve their communication skills and competency in giving patient advice. They can structure conflictual situations, work on constructive solutions and develop their own conflict skills. They engage in and deal with professional situations where they practice interdisciplinary conflict management.They address difficult situations in patient advice situations and patient management and develop an awareness for individual needs and coping strategies of their patients. They learn about the influence of subjective theories of disease and learn to reflect personal values and attitudes. Graduates know the impact of health literacy and medical sociology on their professional field.

Contact Lenses

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3KTLIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Indication and contraindication for contact lens use, soft and gas permeable contact lenses, hygienic measures and contact lens care products, providing instructions to patients about contact lens care and handling. Risks and incompatibility of contact lens use.

Superior module:

Refraction and Prevention

Module description:

Graduates have a basic knowledge of health science and can integrate their own discipline of orthoptics into medical science and a wider framework. They know about the influence of health promotion and prevention. They know which orthoptic screening methods may be useful at different ages and differentiate the treatment criteria of refractive error in relation to preventing vision problems. They can apply their knowledge to a first health promotion / prevention project. They know methods of objective and subjective refraction and use them in simple cases. They know of the possibilities, indication and contraindication of laser refractive surgery. They know different types of contact lenses, their areas of use and handling as well as the basics of fitting contact lenses.

Incomitant Strabismus - Orthoptic Method

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3ISOIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 3
ECTS Credits 3
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Special anamnesis, further information on orthoptic procedures to diagnose eye motility disorders e.g. measuring of the monocular excursion, field of binocular single vision, abnormal head posture, measuring of the ocular deviation on the tangent screens, synoptometer, measuring of cyclovertical deviations, Bielschowsky head tilt test; therapeutically procedures; documentation and further discussion of selected topics, according to demands. Further development of the orthoptic process

Superior module:

Incomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates consolidate their knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of cranial nerves and acquire an expertise in the pathology of cranial nerves and acquired oculomotor palsies. They have a knowledge of the specific criteria in order to differentiate between a congenital and acquired palsy and also differentiate them against concomitant types of strabismus. They know the different orthoptic assessment options and are able to use them appropiately on patients with ocular motility disorders. They recognise the necessity for interdisciplinary diagnostic workup. They have developed within the orthoptic process and start to introduce diagnostic, treatment and patient consultation plans to the assessments of simple orthoptic cases. They are able to document assessment and treatment results in a professional manner, analyse the results and match them with relevant diagnoses. They have basic knowledge of the English terminology of incomitant strabismus. Graduates improve their communication skills and competency in giving patient advice. They can structure conflictual situations, work on constructive solutions and develop their own conflict skills. They engage in and deal with professional situations where they practice interdisciplinary conflict management.They address difficult situations in patient advice situations and patient management and develop an awareness for individual needs and coping strategies of their patients. They learn about the influence of subjective theories of disease and learn to reflect personal values and attitudes. Graduates know the impact of health literacy and medical sociology on their professional field.

Introduction in Statistics

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3ESTIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Introduction to Statistics (e.g. scale levels, standard distribution, statistical verification of issues, simple descriptive method); With the help of simple examples, data entry, data analysis and data interpretation is showed and trained - practical relevance with analysis and critical viewing of exemplary scientific specialist literature.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - research and scientific evidence

Module description:

The graduates have gained an insight into the specific scientific approach of dealing with problems; they are familiar with relevant research methods and can frame research questions relevant to their field. They can differentiate between assumptions, personal experiences and sound knowledge. They can independently write smaller scientific papers relating to their field (Bachelor Thesis) and present facts as well as personal reflections concisely and comprehensibly. Graduates have basic knowledge of quality development and quality management.

Introduction to Scientific Working

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3EWAIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Common knowledge vs.acquired knowledge; research: course of process and examination procedure, formal criteria, general conditions, quoting, bibliographic referencing, excerpts, processing and connecting of information, writing of scientific texts, formal layout and structure of scientific work, introduction in the specific use of research methods.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - research and scientific evidence

Module description:

The graduates have gained an insight into the specific scientific approach of dealing with problems; they are familiar with relevant research methods and can frame research questions relevant to their field. They can differentiate between assumptions, personal experiences and sound knowledge. They can independently write smaller scientific papers relating to their field (Bachelor Thesis) and present facts as well as personal reflections concisely and comprehensibly. Graduates have basic knowledge of quality development and quality management.

Orthoptics - Practice 3

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3FP2UE
Type UB
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Synchronously to the theoretical sessions, students participate in practical training sessions where they can demonstrate their acquired skills and knowledge on clients and patients in participating teaching locations. Students further develop the application of the general orthoptic status and perform the learned skills on themselves and on selected patients with eye motility disorders. With that, they practice and reflect upon the orthoptic process by means of examples (obtaining medical history, providing a diagnostic concept and diagnosis, analysis and interpretation, deduction of the diagnosis, working on therapeutical concepts, medical advice, educational work, first consultation interviews and giving of information, documentation and providing simple test results)

Superior module:

Incomitant strabismus

Module description:

Graduates consolidate their knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of cranial nerves and acquire an expertise in the pathology of cranial nerves and acquired oculomotor palsies. They have a knowledge of the specific criteria in order to differentiate between a congenital and acquired palsy and also differentiate them against concomitant types of strabismus. They know the different orthoptic assessment options and are able to use them appropiately on patients with ocular motility disorders. They recognise the necessity for interdisciplinary diagnostic workup. They have developed within the orthoptic process and start to introduce diagnostic, treatment and patient consultation plans to the assessments of simple orthoptic cases. They are able to document assessment and treatment results in a professional manner, analyse the results and match them with relevant diagnoses. They have basic knowledge of the English terminology of incomitant strabismus. Graduates improve their communication skills and competency in giving patient advice. They can structure conflictual situations, work on constructive solutions and develop their own conflict skills. They engage in and deal with professional situations where they practice interdisciplinary conflict management.They address difficult situations in patient advice situations and patient management and develop an awareness for individual needs and coping strategies of their patients. They learn about the influence of subjective theories of disease and learn to reflect personal values and attitudes. Graduates know the impact of health literacy and medical sociology on their professional field.

Prevention in Orthoptics

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3OTVIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

General terminology in public health, health promotion, prevention (WHO) and their influence, methods and models of preventitive medicine. Prevention in the field of strabismus, amblyopia, visual impairment. Application examples and their evaluation i.e. screening tests, 'mother-child-passport'. Special orthoptic methods and their application in prevention. Chosen elaborated prevention projects in ophthalmology, for instance in glaucoma prevention.

Superior module:

Refraction and Prevention

Module description:

Graduates have a basic knowledge of health science and can integrate their own discipline of orthoptics into medical science and a wider framework. They know about the influence of health promotion and prevention. They know which orthoptic screening methods may be useful at different ages and differentiate the treatment criteria of refractive error in relation to preventing vision problems. They can apply their knowledge to a first health promotion / prevention project. They know methods of objective and subjective refraction and use them in simple cases. They know of the possibilities, indication and contraindication of laser refractive surgery. They know different types of contact lenses, their areas of use and handling as well as the basics of fitting contact lenses.

Profession-specific Project

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3BFPPT
Type PT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Planning, organization and carrying out of a project related to the orthoptic field

Superior module:

Refraction and Prevention

Module description:

Graduates have a basic knowledge of health science and can integrate their own discipline of orthoptics into medical science and a wider framework. They know about the influence of health promotion and prevention. They know which orthoptic screening methods may be useful at different ages and differentiate the treatment criteria of refractive error in relation to preventing vision problems. They can apply their knowledge to a first health promotion / prevention project. They know methods of objective and subjective refraction and use them in simple cases. They know of the possibilities, indication and contraindication of laser refractive surgery. They know different types of contact lenses, their areas of use and handling as well as the basics of fitting contact lenses.

Quality Assurance and Development

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3QESIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

-

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - research and scientific evidence

Module description:

The graduates have gained an insight into the specific scientific approach of dealing with problems; they are familiar with relevant research methods and can frame research questions relevant to their field. They can differentiate between assumptions, personal experiences and sound knowledge. They can independently write smaller scientific papers relating to their field (Bachelor Thesis) and present facts as well as personal reflections concisely and comprehensibly. Graduates have basic knowledge of quality development and quality management.

Reflective Learning and Practice Monitoring 2

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3RF2RC
Type RC
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 0.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Preparation for practical training. Exchange of experiences throughout the practical training and learning experiences, problem solving strategies, reflections about cooperation and conflicts, analysis of patient documentation, interaction between students and patients, motivational, learning and communication aspects within the professional context

Superior module:

Placement 3

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. They can carry out advanced examinations on patients with concomitant and incomitant strabismus, document the results, analyze and interpret them with assistance, make orthoptic diagnoses with assistance, develop diagnostic and therapeutic concepts and take measurements to fit bifocal glasses. They can write anonymized patient demonstrations, process work results, analyse and reflect. With patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with test situations in practice in an adequate way. They further learn how to analyse, to reflect upon and to present their diagnostic acting. They also know how to assess their practical level of training, how to recognise learning and improvement potential and how to assure learning progress. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Refraction Determination

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3REFIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Subjective refraction methods (e.g. determination of spherical and astigmatic refractive errors, binocular fine tuning, near correction). Objective refraction methods (e.g. retinoscopy, auto refraction), refractive surgery (methods, advantages and disadvantages). In these integrated practical training sessions, students test the learned methods of examination and adaptation on themselves as well as on clients and patients with different refraction errors.

Superior module:

Refraction and Prevention

Module description:

Graduates have a basic knowledge of health science and can integrate their own discipline of orthoptics into medical science and a wider framework. They know about the influence of health promotion and prevention. They know which orthoptic screening methods may be useful at different ages and differentiate the treatment criteria of refractive error in relation to preventing vision problems. They can apply their knowledge to a first health promotion / prevention project. They know methods of objective and subjective refraction and use them in simple cases. They know of the possibilities, indication and contraindication of laser refractive surgery. They know different types of contact lenses, their areas of use and handling as well as the basics of fitting contact lenses.

Writers workshop

Semester 3
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB3SWSPS
Type PS
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Literature review (in depth) literature search in medicine / in orthoptics, choice and processing of relevant literature, use of literature administration programs Criteria for scientific writing incl. practical examples of critical literature analysis, planning an essay (time plan and ressources), finding topics, research questions and hypotheses (examplary practice), research methods and designs, characteristics of scientific literature (argumentation, traceability, structure, relevance, linguistic clarity), structuring scientific texts and their contents (introduction, summary, contents etc.), matters of presentation: layout, appropriate use of word processing programmes, drafts and revision.

Superior module:

Basic knowledge - research and scientific evidence

Module description:

The graduates have gained an insight into the specific scientific approach of dealing with problems; they are familiar with relevant research methods and can frame research questions relevant to their field. They can differentiate between assumptions, personal experiences and sound knowledge. They can independently write smaller scientific papers relating to their field (Bachelor Thesis) and present facts as well as personal reflections concisely and comprehensibly. Graduates have basic knowledge of quality development and quality management.

Course titleSWSECTSTYPE

Clinical Placement 4

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4PR4IT
Type IT
Kind Internship (S)
INTL-Code 5
SWS 0
ECTS Credits 8
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

With emphasis on neuro-ophthalmological diseases, they can perform orthoptic diagnostic procedures and treatment, documentation, analysis and interpretation of results. Performance of basic refraction testing as well as hygienic measures needed for orthoptic work. Observation of operations on eye muscles and early measures to support and train vision.

Superior module:

Placement 4

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. Relative to the disorders being studied they can improve and increase their orthoptic procedural skills. They can make clinical diagnoses especially for nystagmus and visual impairment, determine subjective refraction, take refractometer measurements and perform basic retinoscopy. They can write anonymized patient reports according to their level of training, they know how to prepare, analyse and reflect upon work results. With the help of patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with examination situations and increasing challenges in an adequate way. They also learn to analyse, to present and to reflect upon their diagnostic, therapeutic and advising skills. They can assess their actual level of training, realise their learning and improvement potential and assure learning progress. They begin to understand the meaning of a systematical, empirical data acquisition as a measure to assure quality in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Clinical Placement attendant Course 4

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4PB4IT
Type IT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

In parallel with the practical training, students perform patient demonstrations in practical placements. Besides, talks about target agreements and grading are held with students and instructors in face-to-face interviews or group settings. Patient protocols and reports - documentation, analysis, presentation and discussion of and reflection upon the technical-methodical and social-communicative results and findings.

Superior module:

Placement 4

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. Relative to the disorders being studied they can improve and increase their orthoptic procedural skills. They can make clinical diagnoses especially for nystagmus and visual impairment, determine subjective refraction, take refractometer measurements and perform basic retinoscopy. They can write anonymized patient reports according to their level of training, they know how to prepare, analyse and reflect upon work results. With the help of patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with examination situations and increasing challenges in an adequate way. They also learn to analyse, to present and to reflect upon their diagnostic, therapeutic and advising skills. They can assess their actual level of training, realise their learning and improvement potential and assure learning progress. They begin to understand the meaning of a systematical, empirical data acquisition as a measure to assure quality in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Neurology

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4NEUVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Physical examination of patients with neurological disorders; laboratory tests and newer imaging techniques (diagnostic methods in neurology); neuroanatomy and neurophysiology; symptoms and signs of disordered function in neurological diseases; vascular disorders, neoplasm, seizures, evaluation of the patient with pain (syndrome of paroxysmal facial pain and headache). Inflammatory neurological diseases, movement disorders, brain and spinal cord trauma, Metabolic and toxic disorders of CNS; diseases of the peripheral nervous system and myopathy, developmental and congenital abnormalities of the nervous system

Superior module:

Orthoptics and Neurology

Module description:

Graduates have substantial knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. They know about relevant neurological diseases and syndromes and important neuroophthalmological and neuroorthoptic disorders. They know the possible causes of these disorders as well as (neuro-)orthoptic assessment methods and treatment options, and they can document and analyse case examples. They have in-depth knowledge of ocular motility disorders, know different types of nystagmus - both in regard to symptoms and orthoptic assessment options, documentation, analysis and diagnosis. They know conservative and surgical treatment options.

Neuroophthalmology

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4NOPIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Need-oriented revision and consolidation of knowledge about: neuroanatomy, -physiology and -pathology of the visual pathway (optic nerve, chiasm, primary and secondary visual cortex), typical disorders, symptoms, assessment methods, diagnostics, therapy, course of disease and prognosis; psychogenic vision disorders; disorders of lid movement; need-oriented revision of the physiology and disorders of pupillary reaction and accommodation; theoretical and practical basics of assessment methods (i.e. visual fields, electrophysiology)

Superior module:

Orthoptics and Neurology

Module description:

Graduates have substantial knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. They know about relevant neurological diseases and syndromes and important neuroophthalmological and neuroorthoptic disorders. They know the possible causes of these disorders as well as (neuro-)orthoptic assessment methods and treatment options, and they can document and analyse case examples. They have in-depth knowledge of ocular motility disorders, know different types of nystagmus - both in regard to symptoms and orthoptic assessment options, documentation, analysis and diagnosis. They know conservative and surgical treatment options.

Neuroorthoptics

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4NOOIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Neuroanatomy, -physiology and -pathology of supranuclear oculomotor organisation (i.e. internuclear ophthalmoplegia, ocular tilt reaction, Wallenberg syndrome, dorsal mid brain syndrome, progressive supranuclear palsy, one and a half syndrom, gaze palsy, cerebellar ocular motor disorders) and acquired central nystagmus; aetiology, signs and symptoms, orthoptic assessment methods, differential diagnosis, therapy, course of disease and prognosis. Myasthenia gravis: aetiology, assessment methods, orthoptic therapy and prognosis. Theoretical and practical basics of neuro-orthoptic assessment of central ocular motor disorders and acquired nystagmus (i.e. central oculomotor system, subjective visual vertical). Documentation and analysis of patient records. Case analysis of central oculomotor disorders and acquired nystagmus.

Superior module:

Orthoptics and Neurology

Module description:

Graduates have substantial knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. They know about relevant neurological diseases and syndromes and important neuroophthalmological and neuroorthoptic disorders. They know the possible causes of these disorders as well as (neuro-)orthoptic assessment methods and treatment options, and they can document and analyse case examples. They have in-depth knowledge of ocular motility disorders, know different types of nystagmus - both in regard to symptoms and orthoptic assessment options, documentation, analysis and diagnosis. They know conservative and surgical treatment options.

Nystagmus

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4NYSIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

General terminology: physiological, experimental, pathological nystagmus; Classification of nystagmus (jerk nystagmus, pendular nystagmus, oscillations); congenital, acquired, differential diagnosis. Orthoptic assessment and documentation, further investigations - with special attention to child patients.Orthoptic therapy. congenital nystagmus: types, causes, clinical signs and symptoms, compensatory mechanisms, specific assessment methods, typical findings, therapy, prognosis. Analysis of case studies. Incidence of strabismological and refractive disorders and related diagnostic and therapeutic consequences. Acquired nystagmus supplementing neuroorthoptics: disorders of the visual system and the peripheral vestibular system, lid nystagmus, acquired pendular nystagmus - aetiology, clinical appearance, specific assessment methods, therapy, prognosis. Conservative (optical, orthoptic) and surgical therapy of nystagmus, in particular eye muscle surgery: principles, indication, pre-operative orthoptic assessment, pharmacological therapy approach.

Superior module:

Orthoptics and Neurology

Module description:

Graduates have substantial knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. They know about relevant neurological diseases and syndromes and important neuroophthalmological and neuroorthoptic disorders. They know the possible causes of these disorders as well as (neuro-)orthoptic assessment methods and treatment options, and they can document and analyse case examples. They have in-depth knowledge of ocular motility disorders, know different types of nystagmus - both in regard to symptoms and orthoptic assessment options, documentation, analysis and diagnosis. They know conservative and surgical treatment options.

Ophthalmology and Visual Impairment

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4AUSIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Symptoms, pathology and examination methods of retina and other eye-diseases, which can lead to manifest vision problems, as well as knowing the most important hereditary diseases

Superior module:

Low Vision and (Re-) Habilitation

Module description:

Graduates know the symptoms, pathology and assessment methods of disorders of the visual system, especially those resulting in permanent visual impairment. They know diagnostic methods for patients with low vision and multiply disabled patients.They can interpret test results and learn about legal, target group oriented and principle based advice to give to patients / relatives. They know the basics of prescribing magnifiers in accordance to patient needs and abilities, they know about support and rehabilitation and get first insight into the interdisciplinary management of patients with low vision. They know about surgical options in (re-)habilitation of squint and nystagmus and the necessary pre-and postoperative measures. They understand dose-response-relationships of the most widely used surgical methods and can justify necessity, timing, indication and procedure. They know the psychosocial impact of strabismus.

Orthoptics - Practice 4

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4FP4UE
Type UB
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Students participate in practical training sessions where they are able to demonstrate their acquired skills and knowledge on patients, especially with eye motility disorders and nystagmus. They practice and reflect upon the exemplary course of the orthoptic process (obtaining medical history, providing a diagnostic concept and diagnosis, analysis and interpretation, deduction of a diagnosis, working on therapeutically concepts, medical advice, educational work, documentation and findings report).

Superior module:

Low Vision and (Re-) Habilitation

Module description:

Graduates know the symptoms, pathology and assessment methods of disorders of the visual system, especially those resulting in permanent visual impairment. They know diagnostic methods for patients with low vision and multiply disabled patients.They can interpret test results and learn about legal, target group oriented and principle based advice to give to patients / relatives. They know the basics of prescribing magnifiers in accordance to patient needs and abilities, they know about support and rehabilitation and get first insight into the interdisciplinary management of patients with low vision. They know about surgical options in (re-)habilitation of squint and nystagmus and the necessary pre-and postoperative measures. They understand dose-response-relationships of the most widely used surgical methods and can justify necessity, timing, indication and procedure. They know the psychosocial impact of strabismus.

Photo- and Videodocumentation

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4FVDIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2.5
ECTS Credits 2.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Basics of photography, camera technology, difference between analogue and digital photography, storage media for photography, file formats for storaging of photos, theory of colours, light engineering, picture editing, digital data storage and archiving. Practical training for digital photography with different tasks and shooting situations. The focus should be put on the requirements in orthoptics and strabismology. Introduction to video technology, cutting of videos, training in making videos - workflow of videos from the shooting to the final movie. Data protection, obligation to inform patients and informed consent.

Superior module:

Scientific work and bachelor thesis 1

Module description:

Graduates know the design, operation and indications of use of digital photography and videography and can use these for the documentation of strabismological and neuroophthalmological disorders. They can process digital data, use image processing and video editing programs. They are aware of patient confidentiality and how to deal with sensitive data, as well as the necessary patient information and patient consent needed, as regulated in Data Protection laws. They are aware of the influence of photo- and videodocumentation in quality control within the orthoptic process. They develop research questions within their field of work, search literature, compile and critically analyse information within academic work. They start writing professional texts (Bachelor thesis 1) and present facts and theories within these texts in a clear and structured manner.

Reconstructive therapy

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4RKTIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Terminology: cosmetic, reconstructive, functional; psycho-social implications of strabismus, Influence of body dysmorphic disorders in orthoptics Types of hospitalisation, pre- and postoperative orthoptic care in strabismus surgery, indication and contraindication, surgical terminology; Indication for surgery in common concomitant and incomitant squints, surgical methods incl. minimally invasive surgery in strabismus; alternative treatments like botulinum toxin; anaesthesia in ophthalmology especially in ocular muscle surgery incl. accidents and emergencies; anaesthesia and sedation for babies and toddlers; patient information and consent for ocular muscle surgery.

Superior module:

Low Vision and (Re-) Habilitation

Module description:

Graduates know the symptoms, pathology and assessment methods of disorders of the visual system, especially those resulting in permanent visual impairment. They know diagnostic methods for patients with low vision and multiply disabled patients.They can interpret test results and learn about legal, target group oriented and principle based advice to give to patients / relatives. They know the basics of prescribing magnifiers in accordance to patient needs and abilities, they know about support and rehabilitation and get first insight into the interdisciplinary management of patients with low vision. They know about surgical options in (re-)habilitation of squint and nystagmus and the necessary pre-and postoperative measures. They understand dose-response-relationships of the most widely used surgical methods and can justify necessity, timing, indication and procedure. They know the psychosocial impact of strabismus.

Reflective Learning and Practice Monitoring 3

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4RF3RC
Type RC
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Information and discussions on relevant topics and questions of the education, preparation for the practical training, exchange regarding learning experiences and the course of the practical training, arising questions and problem solving, reflecting upon team work and conflicts, self-care of students in direct contact with patients, aspects of learning and communication in the professional field, motivation of students. Health interactive interdisciplinary Worldcafe on issues of the courses of studies for public health

Superior module:

Placement 4

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. Relative to the disorders being studied they can improve and increase their orthoptic procedural skills. They can make clinical diagnoses especially for nystagmus and visual impairment, determine subjective refraction, take refractometer measurements and perform basic retinoscopy. They can write anonymized patient reports according to their level of training, they know how to prepare, analyse and reflect upon work results. With the help of patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with examination situations and increasing challenges in an adequate way. They also learn to analyse, to present and to reflect upon their diagnostic, therapeutic and advising skills. They can assess their actual level of training, realise their learning and improvement potential and assure learning progress. They begin to understand the meaning of a systematical, empirical data acquisition as a measure to assure quality in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Rehabilitation and Support in Visual Impairment / Blindness

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4RFSIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 3
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Diagnosis and rehabilitation of low vision; including special treatment of child patients; basics of social rights; fundamental knowledge of low vision help, integration and care of vision impaired people, target group-oriented communicating and consulting (depending on the form of impairment). Optically and electronically magnifying visual aids, non-magnifying visual aids and other aids; choice and customisation; instruction, prescription, consultation and documentation.

Superior module:

Low Vision and (Re-) Habilitation

Module description:

Graduates know the symptoms, pathology and assessment methods of disorders of the visual system, especially those resulting in permanent visual impairment. They know diagnostic methods for patients with low vision and multiply disabled patients.They can interpret test results and learn about legal, target group oriented and principle based advice to give to patients / relatives. They know the basics of prescribing magnifiers in accordance to patient needs and abilities, they know about support and rehabilitation and get first insight into the interdisciplinary management of patients with low vision. They know about surgical options in (re-)habilitation of squint and nystagmus and the necessary pre-and postoperative measures. They understand dose-response-relationships of the most widely used surgical methods and can justify necessity, timing, indication and procedure. They know the psychosocial impact of strabismus.

Seminar and Bachelor Thesis 1

Semester 4
Academic year 2
Course code OTKB4SBASE
Type SE
Kind Bachelor thesis
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Definition of objectives and criteria, creating a draft(plan) for patient examination (documentation), support with selection of strabismus and neuroophthalmological symptoms, presentation of actual level(state) of work, exchange of ideas and discussion of results, feedback of correctess of measurements, presentation of the bachelorthesis.

Superior module:

Scientific work and bachelor thesis 1

Module description:

Graduates know the design, operation and indications of use of digital photography and videography and can use these for the documentation of strabismological and neuroophthalmological disorders. They can process digital data, use image processing and video editing programs. They are aware of patient confidentiality and how to deal with sensitive data, as well as the necessary patient information and patient consent needed, as regulated in Data Protection laws. They are aware of the influence of photo- and videodocumentation in quality control within the orthoptic process. They develop research questions within their field of work, search literature, compile and critically analyse information within academic work. They start writing professional texts (Bachelor thesis 1) and present facts and theories within these texts in a clear and structured manner.

Course titleSWSECTSTYPE

Asthenopia and Heterophoria

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5ASTIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 3
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

In depth consolidation of the topics: heterophoria, pathophoria, asthenopia, aniseikonia, diagnostic and therapeutic approaches like orthoptic training (i.e. fusion and binocular training); fixation disparity (interface management); English terminology.

Superior module:

Professional Behaviour 1

Module description:

Graduates acquire professional competency within the orthoptic process. They analyse different assessment and therapy methods in patients with asthenopia / heterophoria and reflect upon their results. Graduates know the legal basics and scientific background for evaluation, preventive and interventional measures in PC-workplaces (ergonomic and orthoptic aspects). Graduates can link their theoretical knowledge to their experiences during placements. They learn the systematic thought and decision processes within the diagnostic, therapeutic and advisory work of an orthoptist, practice them and reflect upon their experiences with patients. They analyse with clinical reasoning structures and decision processes and can express and justify their professional actions. Graduates know English terminology of general human medicine and the specific terminology of orthoptics and neuroophthalmology, their profession and field of work. They can create English abstracts for their written scientific work and use available English specialist literature within that context. They can carry out an orthoptic assessment and write patient reports in English.

Basics of visual perception

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5GVWIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character final

Lecture content:

In depth consolidation of: Organisation of the visual system, perception and cognition, visual perception and related topics (i.e. stereopsis vs. perception of space, laterality and dominance, visuomotor system), introduction to specific diagnostic tools (i.e. ocular stress test), orthoptic consultation in cases of disturbances of visual perception (visual behaviour analysis and advice); differential diagnosis visual perception disorders vs. learning disabilities (i.e. legasthenia, dyslexia), discussion of available range of orthoptic and alternative therapy options, English terminology.

Superior module:

Visual perception and Rehabilitation

Module description:

Graduates can differentiate disorders of visual perception and developmental and/or learning disorders from ocular disorders with similar signs and complaints. They understand orthoptic diagnosis and therapy as a contribution within the interdisciplinary process. They can relieve symptoms and help affected persons use their vision to the best of their ability. They take a stand to qualified and unqualified / alternative therapy offers. Graduates know the terminology of gerontology, geriatrics and gerontopsychology. They know about the physiological aging processes and recognise symptoms of disorientation and mental confusion. They know typical orthoptic disorders in healthy and ill elderly patients and their influence on quality of life. They know the special needs of elderly and disorientated patients in the assessment and treatment situation. Graduates know the basics of neurorehabilitation and are aware of their increasingly important position within the rehabilitation team. They know the most common neuropsychological disorders and syndroms, elementary and complex visual and reading disturbances in acquired brain injury, neglect and their respective causes and symptoms. They can choose appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic concepts and methods. They know the possibilities of adaptation, coping strategies in activities of daily life for patients and their relatives. They know the special needs regarding patient guidance and communication (social interaction, patient information and advice) with affected persons.

Childs Development Disorders

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5EWIIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1.5
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Normal development in childhood, psychopathology of development, description of developmental disorders, emotional disorders; behavioral disorders, cognitive disorders, multidisciplinary concepts of patient care

Superior module:

Paediatrics

Module description:

The graduates are familiar with normal child development and essential developmental disorders. They recognise comorbid psychological conspicuities and they know the most important pre-, peri- and postnatal diseases and impairments. They know the most important malformations and pathologies of the eye during childhood. They can separate visual perceptive disorders from ocular caused disorders and they understand the orthoptic diagnostics and therapy as contribution in the inter-disciplinary process.

Clinical Placement 5

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5PR5IT
Type IT
Kind Internship (S)
INTL-Code 5
SWS 0
ECTS Credits 12
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Diagnosis and therapy for strabological and neuro-opthalmalogic disorders with an emphasis on orthoptic procedures as a whole, documentation, analysis and interpretation of results. Performance of preventive care, simple refraction test and hygienic measures needed for orthoptic work.

Superior module:

Placement 5

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. They improve their orthoptic procedural skills in neuro-orthoptic diagnostics and can inform and advise patients and family members in uncomplicated cases. They can compile a report on the diagnostic results and carry out screening examinations for disorders of binocular vision, ocular motility and visual acuity. They can implement orthoptic case management and write anonymous patient protocols as well as prepare, analyze and reflect on results. With the help of patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with examination situations and increasing challenges in an adequate way. They also learn to analyse, to present and to reflect upon their diagnostic, therapeutic and advising skills. They can assess their actual level of training, realise their learning and improvement potential and assure learning progress. They begin to understand the meaning of a systematical, empirical data acquisition as a measure to assure quality in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Clinical Placement attendant Course 5

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5PB5IT
Type IT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

In parallel with the practical training, students perform patient demonstrations in practical placements. Besides, talks about target agreements and grading are held with students and instructors in face-to-face interviews or group settings. Patient protocols and reports - documentation, analysis, presentation and discussion of and reflection upon the technical-methodical and social-communicative results and findings.

Superior module:

Placement 5

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. They improve their orthoptic procedural skills in neuro-orthoptic diagnostics and can inform and advise patients and family members in uncomplicated cases. They can compile a report on the diagnostic results and carry out screening examinations for disorders of binocular vision, ocular motility and visual acuity. They can implement orthoptic case management and write anonymous patient protocols as well as prepare, analyze and reflect on results. With the help of patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with examination situations and increasing challenges in an adequate way. They also learn to analyse, to present and to reflect upon their diagnostic, therapeutic and advising skills. They can assess their actual level of training, realise their learning and improvement potential and assure learning progress. They begin to understand the meaning of a systematical, empirical data acquisition as a measure to assure quality in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

English in the Professional Field

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5EBFIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 5
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

English terms of human medicine (anatomy and pathology), ophthalmology, the special vocabulary of orthoptics, strabology and neuroophthalmology, the profession and its fields. Working on English texts and professional literature, writing of abstracts. English terms and phrases used in the dialogue with patients and the situation of examination. Doing an orthoptic standard exam in English including general conversation, professional anamnesis, guiding the patient through the examination, consultation about diagnosis and therapy and writing a medical report.

Superior module:

Professional Behaviour 1

Module description:

Graduates acquire professional competency within the orthoptic process. They analyse different assessment and therapy methods in patients with asthenopia / heterophoria and reflect upon their results. Graduates know the legal basics and scientific background for evaluation, preventive and interventional measures in PC-workplaces (ergonomic and orthoptic aspects). Graduates can link their theoretical knowledge to their experiences during placements. They learn the systematic thought and decision processes within the diagnostic, therapeutic and advisory work of an orthoptist, practice them and reflect upon their experiences with patients. They analyse with clinical reasoning structures and decision processes and can express and justify their professional actions. Graduates know English terminology of general human medicine and the specific terminology of orthoptics and neuroophthalmology, their profession and field of work. They can create English abstracts for their written scientific work and use available English specialist literature within that context. They can carry out an orthoptic assessment and write patient reports in English.

Geronto-orthoptics

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5GOTIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 3
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

basic knowledge of gerontology, geriatrics, gerontopsychology, physiological aging processes (the "healthy" elderly); dementia; professional conduct with elderly and / or disorientated persons (i.e. validation); target group oriented consultation for organic and functional eye disease at an advanced age and its influence on quality of life; special features of orthoptic diagnostics and therapy of "healthy" elderly and geriatric patients, English terminology.

Superior module:

Visual perception and Rehabilitation

Module description:

Graduates can differentiate disorders of visual perception and developmental and/or learning disorders from ocular disorders with similar signs and complaints. They understand orthoptic diagnosis and therapy as a contribution within the interdisciplinary process. They can relieve symptoms and help affected persons use their vision to the best of their ability. They take a stand to qualified and unqualified / alternative therapy offers. Graduates know the terminology of gerontology, geriatrics and gerontopsychology. They know about the physiological aging processes and recognise symptoms of disorientation and mental confusion. They know typical orthoptic disorders in healthy and ill elderly patients and their influence on quality of life. They know the special needs of elderly and disorientated patients in the assessment and treatment situation. Graduates know the basics of neurorehabilitation and are aware of their increasingly important position within the rehabilitation team. They know the most common neuropsychological disorders and syndroms, elementary and complex visual and reading disturbances in acquired brain injury, neglect and their respective causes and symptoms. They can choose appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic concepts and methods. They know the possibilities of adaptation, coping strategies in activities of daily life for patients and their relatives. They know the special needs regarding patient guidance and communication (social interaction, patient information and advice) with affected persons.

Neuropsychology

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5NPYVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Basic knowledge of neuro psychological dysfunctions (diseases, illness) and syndromes (e.g.: aphasie, apraxia) and symptoms, typical behavioural patterns and dealing with patients; detailed knowledge of neglect (abuse), anosognosia, Balint-Holmes-Syndrom, agnosia, spatial perception and basics of neuropsychological therapy

Superior module:

Visual perception and Rehabilitation

Module description:

Graduates can differentiate disorders of visual perception and developmental and/or learning disorders from ocular disorders with similar signs and complaints. They understand orthoptic diagnosis and therapy as a contribution within the interdisciplinary process. They can relieve symptoms and help affected persons use their vision to the best of their ability. They take a stand to qualified and unqualified / alternative therapy offers. Graduates know the terminology of gerontology, geriatrics and gerontopsychology. They know about the physiological aging processes and recognise symptoms of disorientation and mental confusion. They know typical orthoptic disorders in healthy and ill elderly patients and their influence on quality of life. They know the special needs of elderly and disorientated patients in the assessment and treatment situation. Graduates know the basics of neurorehabilitation and are aware of their increasingly important position within the rehabilitation team. They know the most common neuropsychological disorders and syndroms, elementary and complex visual and reading disturbances in acquired brain injury, neglect and their respective causes and symptoms. They can choose appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic concepts and methods. They know the possibilities of adaptation, coping strategies in activities of daily life for patients and their relatives. They know the special needs regarding patient guidance and communication (social interaction, patient information and advice) with affected persons.

Neurorehabilitation with Emphasis on Visual Rehabilitation

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5NREIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Basics of neuro-rehabilitation; interdisciplinary cooperation; basic knowledge of dealing with patients; neuro-visual rehabilitation of vision and reading dysfunction ( e.g.: visual acuity, homonymous field defects, contrast sensitivity),complex visual defects (e.g.: Balint-Holmes-Syndrome), defects of spatial perception and visual neglect, materials for therapy, consultation, psychological education

Superior module:

Visual perception and Rehabilitation

Module description:

Graduates can differentiate disorders of visual perception and developmental and/or learning disorders from ocular disorders with similar signs and complaints. They understand orthoptic diagnosis and therapy as a contribution within the interdisciplinary process. They can relieve symptoms and help affected persons use their vision to the best of their ability. They take a stand to qualified and unqualified / alternative therapy offers. Graduates know the terminology of gerontology, geriatrics and gerontopsychology. They know about the physiological aging processes and recognise symptoms of disorientation and mental confusion. They know typical orthoptic disorders in healthy and ill elderly patients and their influence on quality of life. They know the special needs of elderly and disorientated patients in the assessment and treatment situation. Graduates know the basics of neurorehabilitation and are aware of their increasingly important position within the rehabilitation team. They know the most common neuropsychological disorders and syndroms, elementary and complex visual and reading disturbances in acquired brain injury, neglect and their respective causes and symptoms. They can choose appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic concepts and methods. They know the possibilities of adaptation, coping strategies in activities of daily life for patients and their relatives. They know the special needs regarding patient guidance and communication (social interaction, patient information and advice) with affected persons.

Orthoptic Case Management 1

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5OFMIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Clinical Reasoning is further developed and applied within orthoptics, especially in Diagnostic Reasoning. When elaborating on designed case studies and/or professional problems, the orthoptic process is visualized and clinical conclusions are drawn. Stages of the orthoptic way of thinking and decision making are discussed and the theoretical considerations are applied to the respective diagnostic therapeutic situation. Hereby, specific attention is paid to therapy and to advising concepts that are adjusted to the respective situation. In this course practical training in small groups is integrated, where simultaneous to the topics of the semester, the orthoptic case management with clients and patients is trained. With that, students further develop their application skills in the orthoptic process.

Superior module:

Professional Behaviour 1

Module description:

Graduates acquire professional competency within the orthoptic process. They analyse different assessment and therapy methods in patients with asthenopia / heterophoria and reflect upon their results. Graduates know the legal basics and scientific background for evaluation, preventive and interventional measures in PC-workplaces (ergonomic and orthoptic aspects). Graduates can link their theoretical knowledge to their experiences during placements. They learn the systematic thought and decision processes within the diagnostic, therapeutic and advisory work of an orthoptist, practice them and reflect upon their experiences with patients. They analyse with clinical reasoning structures and decision processes and can express and justify their professional actions. Graduates know English terminology of general human medicine and the specific terminology of orthoptics and neuroophthalmology, their profession and field of work. They can create English abstracts for their written scientific work and use available English specialist literature within that context. They can carry out an orthoptic assessment and write patient reports in English.

Paediatric ophthalmology

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5KOPVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Embryonal development of the eye, prematurity and visual system, diseases of metabolism putting the eye into consideration, manifestation of neuro- degenerative and systemic diseases, cranio facial syndrome and malformations, atrophy of the optic nerve and cortical blindness, childhood tumors, ophthalmological at a glance diagnosis.

Superior module:

Paediatrics

Module description:

The graduates are familiar with normal child development and essential developmental disorders. They recognise comorbid psychological conspicuities and they know the most important pre-, peri- and postnatal diseases and impairments. They know the most important malformations and pathologies of the eye during childhood. They can separate visual perceptive disorders from ocular caused disorders and they understand the orthoptic diagnostics and therapy as contribution in the inter-disciplinary process.

Paediatrics

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5KHKVO
Type VO
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 2
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Morphological and functional development of a child; specific examination of a child; preventative medical treatment in paediatrics; infectious diseases in consideration of ophthalmology; genetics and genetically determined changes; growth disorders; important organ specific diseases/illnesses

Superior module:

Paediatrics

Module description:

The graduates are familiar with normal child development and essential developmental disorders. They recognise comorbid psychological conspicuities and they know the most important pre-, peri- and postnatal diseases and impairments. They know the most important malformations and pathologies of the eye during childhood. They can separate visual perceptive disorders from ocular caused disorders and they understand the orthoptic diagnostics and therapy as contribution in the inter-disciplinary process.

Reflective Learning and Practice Monitoring 4

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5RF4RC
Type RC
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 0.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Information and discussions on relevant topics and questions of the education. Preparation for practical training at orthoptic, neuroophthalmic departments and special institutes for low vision and early intervention. Reflection and exchange over the course of practical training and learning experience, formulation of questions and problem solving, cooperation and conflicts; analysis of patient documentation; self-sufficiency of students when working with patients, learning and communication aspects in the professional environment, motivation of students.

Superior module:

Placement 5

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. They improve their orthoptic procedural skills in neuro-orthoptic diagnostics and can inform and advise patients and family members in uncomplicated cases. They can compile a report on the diagnostic results and carry out screening examinations for disorders of binocular vision, ocular motility and visual acuity. They can implement orthoptic case management and write anonymous patient protocols as well as prepare, analyze and reflect on results. With the help of patient demonstrations, they learn how to deal with examination situations and increasing challenges in an adequate way. They also learn to analyse, to present and to reflect upon their diagnostic, therapeutic and advising skills. They can assess their actual level of training, realise their learning and improvement potential and assure learning progress. They begin to understand the meaning of a systematical, empirical data acquisition as a measure to assure quality in the orthoptic process. They reflect upon institutional parameters and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Visual stress in the workplace

Semester 5
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB5SBAPT
Type PT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 3
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 2
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Graduates are introduced to individual advice and patient information about orthoptic, ergonomically designed PC workplace, project based seminar (ergonomics of the PC workplace, PC spectacles, evaluation of workplaces, interface management in occupational health. PC work and visual disturbances: prevention and intervention; tasks and methods of the orthoptist; English terminology.

Superior module:

Professional Behaviour 1

Module description:

Graduates acquire professional competency within the orthoptic process. They analyse different assessment and therapy methods in patients with asthenopia / heterophoria and reflect upon their results. Graduates know the legal basics and scientific background for evaluation, preventive and interventional measures in PC-workplaces (ergonomic and orthoptic aspects). Graduates can link their theoretical knowledge to their experiences during placements. They learn the systematic thought and decision processes within the diagnostic, therapeutic and advisory work of an orthoptist, practice them and reflect upon their experiences with patients. They analyse with clinical reasoning structures and decision processes and can express and justify their professional actions. Graduates know English terminology of general human medicine and the specific terminology of orthoptics and neuroophthalmology, their profession and field of work. They can create English abstracts for their written scientific work and use available English specialist literature within that context. They can carry out an orthoptic assessment and write patient reports in English.

Course titleSWSECTSTYPE

Bachelor examination

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6BAPBP
Type BP
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 0
ECTS Credits 0
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Bachelor examination

Superior module:

Bachelor examination

Module description:

Bachelor examination

Clinical Placement 6

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6PR6IT
Type IT
Kind Internship (S)
INTL-Code 5
SWS 0
ECTS Credits 8
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

For the required practical training orthoptic diagnosis and therapy for strabological and neuro-opthalmalogic disorders with emphasis on orthoptic procedures as a whole as well as in an interdisciplinary context. Topics for the elective practical training as per the selected field.

Superior module:

Placement 6

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. As appropriate for the disorder and patient they can perform all steps necessary to carry out orthoptic procedures (planning, execution, evaluation, reflection) and provide diagnostic and therapeutic care in conjunction with interdisciplinary requirements. With the patient reports wrote in practice lessons, they can identify complex questions in orthoptics and elaborate on them. They are further able to analyse and reflect upon their acting in real life situations. With the patient demonstrations at the end of the practical training, they show that they have acquired the skills to apply and reflect upon orthoptics in an occupational adequate way. They reflect upon institutional parameters and their role in the interdisciplinary team and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Clinical Placement attendant Course 6

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6PB6IT
Type IT
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

In parallel with the practical training, students perform patient demonstrations in practical placements. Besides, talks about target agreements and grading are held with students and instructors in face-to-face interviews or group settings. Patient protocols and reports - documentation, analysis, presentation and discussion of and reflection upon the technical-methodical and social-communicative results and findings.

Superior module:

Placement 6

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. As appropriate for the disorder and patient they can perform all steps necessary to carry out orthoptic procedures (planning, execution, evaluation, reflection) and provide diagnostic and therapeutic care in conjunction with interdisciplinary requirements. With the patient reports wrote in practice lessons, they can identify complex questions in orthoptics and elaborate on them. They are further able to analyse and reflect upon their acting in real life situations. With the patient demonstrations at the end of the practical training, they show that they have acquired the skills to apply and reflect upon orthoptics in an occupational adequate way. They reflect upon institutional parameters and their role in the interdisciplinary team and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Fundamentals of the Health Care System

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6GGGIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Evaluation and definition of health and life, economic aspects of health care, basic terminology of epidemiology, care, organisation of care levels (intra- and extramural), health policy and private / public costs, future issues, international comparison, prevention, health promotion and public health

Superior module:

Law and economics in the professional field of orthoptics

Module description:

The graduates know the statutory basis required for professional performance. They are familiar with the statutory provisions applicable for health care professions and the main legal regulations within their professional area of activity. Graduates also know how to correctly apply these regulations in practice, especially when it comes to interdisciplinary cooperation. They have an overview of the Austrian health care system and the intra- and extra-mural contributions of the health service. They know the economic evaluation of health and life, the organisational structures and operations of a hospital and they have fundamental knowledge required for the establishment of their own surgery and expertise and methods in public relations. Graduates acquire an overview of the conditions and also learn about future developments within the professional field of orthoptics. They realize their personal and professional interests and strengths and understand the importance to see orthoptics as a future-oriented profession to be protected and developed as part of the entire health care sector.

Interdisciplinary Casework

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6IDFIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Vital problems people within the health care system are in a specific way confronted with are discussed and reflected upon in interdisciplinary groups on the basis of case studies.

Superior module:

Professional Behaviour 2

Module description:

The importance of life-long learning is instilled in graduates, more specifically the importance of continuously confronting oneself with up-to-date scientific, medical, orthoptic and technological evidence. They are aware of their professional scope of duties and responsibilities, and experience the awarding possibilities of specialist discussion of different points of view within an interdisciplinary team. They have an exemplary understanding of different conduct and principles of action of the other groups of health professionals, esp. in the field of the MTD professions (medical-technical services). They become aware of ethical issues within health care. They are able to work interdisciplinarily on problems and present solutions as a product of common understanding. Graduates can relate their theoretical knowledge to their experiences in clinical placements. They learn about the systematic orthoptic decision making processes in diagnostic, therapeutic and councelling situations, and use, practice and reflect this ability in their own patient contact. They analyse, reason and justify structures and clinical decisions using clinical reasoning methods and can explain their insights. Realising that the basic orthoptic knowledge is only a foundation for their work as an orthoptist they recognise areas of continuous professional development for orthoptists. They learn to independently acquire orthoptic knowledge in order to strengthen their personal competency, widen and develop their areas of interest.

Orthoptic Case Management 2

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6OFMIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 3
ECTS Credits 3
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Orthoptic problems from practice are studied, with special focus on interdisciplinarity. Visualizing of the orthoptic process, analysing and justifying of intra- and interdisciplinary acting, drawing of clinical conclusions. Diagnostics, differential diagnostics, preventive and therapeutic measures, as well as measures for rehabilitation within the social environment of the person affected are looked at and dealt with in a solution oriented and contextual way. Special focus on therapy and adequate advising concepts. In this course practical training in small groups is integrated, where simultaneous to the topics of the semester, the orthoptic case management with clients and patients is trained. With that, students further develop their application skills in the orthoptic process.

Superior module:

Professional Behaviour 2

Module description:

The importance of life-long learning is instilled in graduates, more specifically the importance of continuously confronting oneself with up-to-date scientific, medical, orthoptic and technological evidence. They are aware of their professional scope of duties and responsibilities, and experience the awarding possibilities of specialist discussion of different points of view within an interdisciplinary team. They have an exemplary understanding of different conduct and principles of action of the other groups of health professionals, esp. in the field of the MTD professions (medical-technical services). They become aware of ethical issues within health care. They are able to work interdisciplinarily on problems and present solutions as a product of common understanding. Graduates can relate their theoretical knowledge to their experiences in clinical placements. They learn about the systematic orthoptic decision making processes in diagnostic, therapeutic and councelling situations, and use, practice and reflect this ability in their own patient contact. They analyse, reason and justify structures and clinical decisions using clinical reasoning methods and can explain their insights. Realising that the basic orthoptic knowledge is only a foundation for their work as an orthoptist they recognise areas of continuous professional development for orthoptists. They learn to independently acquire orthoptic knowledge in order to strengthen their personal competency, widen and develop their areas of interest.

Orthoptists and Work Environment

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6OAWIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Discussion of the capabilities and requirements in the field of orthoptics. Discussion of the aims and acitivities of the national, european and international orthoptic associations and international networking. Discussion of the further professional development options after qualifying as an orthoptist, career planning: reflexion about professional identification, personal interests, ethical questions. Preparation for the beginning of the working life or further qualifications, development of a professional identity and their application strategies, introduction to relevant regulations and directives like maternity protection laws, laser protection regulations, information about occupational illness.

Superior module:

Law and economics in the professional field of orthoptics

Module description:

The graduates know the statutory basis required for professional performance. They are familiar with the statutory provisions applicable for health care professions and the main legal regulations within their professional area of activity. Graduates also know how to correctly apply these regulations in practice, especially when it comes to interdisciplinary cooperation. They have an overview of the Austrian health care system and the intra- and extra-mural contributions of the health service. They know the economic evaluation of health and life, the organisational structures and operations of a hospital and they have fundamental knowledge required for the establishment of their own surgery and expertise and methods in public relations. Graduates acquire an overview of the conditions and also learn about future developments within the professional field of orthoptics. They realize their personal and professional interests and strengths and understand the importance to see orthoptics as a future-oriented profession to be protected and developed as part of the entire health care sector.

Reflective Learning and Practice Monitoring 5

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6RF5RC
Type RC
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 0.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Information on and further dealing with relevant topics and questions of the semester and the ending of the course of study. Preparation for practical training at orthoptic, neuroophthalmic departments. Reflection and exchange over the course of practical training and learning experience, time- and stressmanagement, formulation of questions and problem solving, cooperation and conflicts; learning and communication aspects in the professional environment and the whole course of study.

Superior module:

Placement 6

Module description:

The graduates acquire organizational and administrative basic knowledge for the respective practical training of the semester and its objectives. They are able to produce a report according to their individual level of training. As appropriate for the disorder and patient they can perform all steps necessary to carry out orthoptic procedures (planning, execution, evaluation, reflection) and provide diagnostic and therapeutic care in conjunction with interdisciplinary requirements. With the patient reports wrote in practice lessons, they can identify complex questions in orthoptics and elaborate on them. They are further able to analyse and reflect upon their acting in real life situations. With the patient demonstrations at the end of the practical training, they show that they have acquired the skills to apply and reflect upon orthoptics in an occupational adequate way. They reflect upon institutional parameters and their role in the interdisciplinary team and know how to classify their areas of responsibility within orthoptics. They can discuss and reflect upon content-methodical as well as social communicative aspects of their respective stage within the practical training.

Self-employment and Commercial Principles

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6FBGIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Establishing an orthoptic practice, introduction to business accountancy, taxation, insurance, public relations.

Superior module:

Law and economics in the professional field of orthoptics

Module description:

The graduates know the statutory basis required for professional performance. They are familiar with the statutory provisions applicable for health care professions and the main legal regulations within their professional area of activity. Graduates also know how to correctly apply these regulations in practice, especially when it comes to interdisciplinary cooperation. They have an overview of the Austrian health care system and the intra- and extra-mural contributions of the health service. They know the economic evaluation of health and life, the organisational structures and operations of a hospital and they have fundamental knowledge required for the establishment of their own surgery and expertise and methods in public relations. Graduates acquire an overview of the conditions and also learn about future developments within the professional field of orthoptics. They realize their personal and professional interests and strengths and understand the importance to see orthoptics as a future-oriented profession to be protected and developed as part of the entire health care sector.

Seminar and Bachelor Thesis 2

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6SBASE
Type SE
Kind Bachelor thesis
INTL-Code 1
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 9
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Definition of objectives and criteria, draft of 2nd bachelor thesis, help with research assignments and hypothesis, presentation and discussion of drafts

Superior module:

Scientific work and bachelor thesis 2

Module description:

Graduates are able to formulate a problem relevant to research and profession and to analyse it under observation of scientific fundamentals. The Bachelor Thesis enables graduates to independently work within the field of orthoptics with a scientific approach.

Statutory Basis for Health Care Professions

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6RGLIL
Type IL
Kind Compulsory
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 1
Examination character final

Lecture content:

Introduction to public law, civil and criminal law, labour and social law. Overview of social security law (pensions, unemployment insurance, casualty insurance, health insurance and nursing allowance regulations). Special attention is paid to patient rights, contractual law, medical treatment contracts and liability law, national rules governing the profession (MTD-law / HebG), rights and obligations of health professional groups (rules regulating the work of assistant health professions - MABG). Introduction to hospital law.

Superior module:

Law and economics in the professional field of orthoptics

Module description:

The graduates know the statutory basis required for professional performance. They are familiar with the statutory provisions applicable for health care professions and the main legal regulations within their professional area of activity. Graduates also know how to correctly apply these regulations in practice, especially when it comes to interdisciplinary cooperation. They have an overview of the Austrian health care system and the intra- and extra-mural contributions of the health service. They know the economic evaluation of health and life, the organisational structures and operations of a hospital and they have fundamental knowledge required for the establishment of their own surgery and expertise and methods in public relations. Graduates acquire an overview of the conditions and also learn about future developments within the professional field of orthoptics. They realize their personal and professional interests and strengths and understand the importance to see orthoptics as a future-oriented profession to be protected and developed as part of the entire health care sector.

Elective Subject 2

Elective: working in hospitals

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6WPFIL
Type IL
Kind Elective
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 2.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Students and lecturers discuss areas of focus together, such as orthoptic problems or technological development of interest for the daily work in clinics. Workshops and guest lecturers complement this seminar.

Superior module:

Elective Subject 2

Module description:

Following the principle of lifelong learning, graduates deepen their understanding of the importance of regular and continuous exposure to new findings within the fields of science, medicine, orthoptics and technology. They realize their professional responsibility and task areas but also experience to interpret professional questions from various perspectives, hence allowing them to profit from interdisciplinary work on different levels. During this process, graduates realize in exemplary scenarios the different operational principles and paradigms of certain professional groups within the health care sector, especially with regards to the field of medical-technical services (MTD). They develop an awareness for ethical questions within the health care sector and are able to not only interdisciplinarily work together on adequate solutions but also to present their results as a common project. Graduates know how to make use of and link their knowledge acquired in the theoretical courses and practical trainings on a case-to-case basis. They get to know the system of orthoptic thinking and decision making processes within diagnostic, therapeutical as well as consultative situations. With this they also learn how to become aware of these processes, exemplarily apply them to patients, train and reflect on them. Amongst others, graduates analyse with the help of clinical reasoning structures and decision making. They further know how to explain and justify their professional approach. In the sense of lifelong learning, graduates realize that although they have acquired basic knowledge in their respective area, the professional field of orthoptics however still offers a variety of sections to be deepened. They learn how to independently acquire professional knowledge in order to strengthen and further develop their personal competences and interests.

Elective Subject 2

Elective: working in hospitals

Semester 6
Academic year 3
Course code OTKB6WPFIL
Type IL
Kind Elective
INTL-Code 2
SWS 1
ECTS Credits 2.5
Examination character immanent

Lecture content:

Students and lecturers discuss areas of focus together, such as orthoptic problems or technological development of interest for the daily work in clinics. Workshops and guest lecturers complement this seminar.

Superior module:

Elective Subject 2

Module description:

Following the principle of lifelong learning, graduates deepen their understanding of the importance of regular and continuous exposure to new findings within the fields of science, medicine, orthoptics and technology. They realize their professional responsibility and task areas but also experience to interpret professional questions from various perspectives, hence allowing them to profit from interdisciplinary work on different levels. During this process, graduates realize in exemplary scenarios the different operational principles and paradigms of certain professional groups within the health care sector, especially with regards to the field of medical-technical services (MTD). They develop an awareness for ethical questions within the health care sector and are able to not only interdisciplinarily work together on adequate solutions but also to present their results as a common project. Graduates know how to make use of and link their knowledge acquired in the theoretical courses and practical trainings on a case-to-case basis. They get to know the system of orthoptic thinking and decision making processes within diagnostic, therapeutical as well as consultative situations. With this they also learn how to become aware of these processes, exemplarily apply them to patients, train and reflect on them. Amongst others, graduates analyse with the help of clinical reasoning structures and decision making. They further know how to explain and justify their professional approach. In the sense of lifelong learning, graduates realize that although they have acquired basic knowledge in their respective area, the professional field of orthoptics however still offers a variety of sections to be deepened. They learn how to independently acquire professional knowledge in order to strengthen and further develop their personal competences and interests.

Legend
SemesterSemesters 1, 3, 5: courses held only in winter semester (mid-September to end of January), Semesters 2, 4, 6: courses held only in summer semester (mid-February to end of June)
SWSweekly contact hours over 14 weeks in semester (example SWS 2 equals 28 contact hours for the whole course
ECTS CreditsWork load in ECTS credits, 1 ECTS credit equals an estimated 25 hours of work for the student
INTL-CodeIndicates categories for incoming students
5: offered in English on a routine basis
4: offered in English if a specified number of incoming students attend (usually 3)
3: taught in German but support material in English, exams can also be taken in English, active support from a student buddy
2: taught in German, incoming students require sufficient German proficiency to follow class
1: not available for incomings
TypeBP = Bachelor final exam
DP/MP = Master final exam
IL = Lecture with integrated project work
IT = Individual training/phases
LB = Lab (session)
PS = Pro-seminar
PT = Project
RC = Course with integrated reflective practice
RE = Revision course
SE = Seminar
TU = Tutorial
UB = Practice session/Subject practical sessions
VO = Lecture